Liver Specialist Truro - The liver is a vital organ that does many functions in the body consisting of: detoxification, protein synthesis, and the production of biochemicals that are important for digestion. The liver is necessary for the body to survive. Liver dialysis may be used for short term but there is no way to function for long term without a liver.
The liver plays a major role in glycogen storage, plasma protein synthesis, the decomposition of red blood cells, detoxification, and hormone production. It is found in the abdominal-pelvic area of the stomach, below the diaphragm. The liver is responsible for producing bile. This is an alkaline compound which emulsifies lipids to help in digestion. The tissues which make the liver are highly specialized. They regulate a large amount of high volume biochemical reactions, like the breakdown and synthesis of small and complex molecules.
The liver is rather unique in that it is capable of natural regeneration. With as little as 25%, the liver may make a full regeneration into a whole liver. This is considered to be compensatory growth instead of true regeneration. Thus, the liver's lobes that are removed do not re-grow, and the growth of the liver is a restoration of function and not original form. In true regeneration, both the original form and function are restored.
Diseases of the Liver
Since the liver supports practically every organ within the body and is essential to its survival, the liver is prone to different diseases, particularly because of its strategic location and multidimensional functions. Amongst the most common liver sicknesses include: alcohol damage, cirrhosis, fatty liver, hepatitis, A, B, C and E, tumours and cancer and damage as a result of heavy drug use, specially cancer drugs and acetaminophen, likewise referred to as paracetamol.
A large number of liver diseases are accompanied by jaundice. This is due to increased bilirubin levels within the body, resulting from the breakup of the haemoglobin of dead red blood cells. Normally, the liver eliminates bilirubin from the blood and excretes it through bile. Diseases that affect liver function will result in derangement of these processes. Fortunately, the liver has a huge reserve capacity and likewise a large capacity to regenerate. Normally, the liver only shows signs after extensive damage has taken place.
The classic signs of liver damage consists of: dark urine when bilirubin mixes along with the urine, and pale stool when there is an absence of brown pigment stercobilin. The pigment likewise comes from bilirubin metabolites that are processes within the liver. Jaundice is the yellow tinge on the skin or the white of the eyes that happens where bilirubin deposits on the skin. This causes an intense itching sensation which is the most common patient complaint with those suffering liver failure.
Excessive fatigue happens as a result of a generalized loss of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Swelling in the feet, abdomen and ankles takes place because the liver fails to make albumin. Easy bleeding and bruising are other symptoms. Substances which help to prevent bleeding are produced within the liver, thus, when liver damage is present, these substances are no longer available and severe bleeding could result.
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