Truro Health Clinics - Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease usually known as degenerative arthritis. This group of sicknesses consists of certain mechanical abnormalities which comprise the degradation of joints; like for instance the sub-chondral bone and articular cartilage. Symptoms of OA can commonly include: stiffness, locking, tenderness, joint pain and sometimes an effusion.
There different causes for Osteoarthritis. For example metabolic, mechanical, hereditary or developmental reasons may initiate processes responsible to loss of cartilage. Bone could become damaged or exposed when bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage. This might result in a lot of pain and less movement, ligaments may become more lax and regional muscles may atrophy.
There are different treatments offered which combine a combination of analgesics, exercise and lifestyle modification. Joint replacement surgery can be an alternative for people who find debilitating pain. OA is the most common kind of arthritis. It affects around 27 million people within the USA and approximately 8 million within the United Kingdom. Presently, it is the leading reason for chronic disability of the United States too.
Signs and Symptoms
The main symptom of Osteoarthritis is pain which can lead to loss of ability and extreme stiffness. Usually, the pain is described as a sharp ache or a burning sensation in the associate muscles and tendons. Crepitus is the term for a crackling noise when the affected joint is moved or touched. Individuals can also experience muscle spasm and contractions in the tendons. At times, the joints can also be filled with fluid. Humidity and cold weather increases the pain in many people. Bouchard's nodes and Heberden's nodes may also form in this disease.
The most commonly affected parts of this condition is the hips, hands, spine, knees and feet. The affected joints will become stiff, more painful, and appear bigger when Osteoarthritis progresses. The affected joints could feel worse with excessive or prolonged use, yet normally feel better with gentle use. These characteristics differentiate rheumatoid arthritis from OA.
The condition referred to as Herberden's nodes, manifest as bony enlargements which take place within the smaller joints as within the fingers. Bouchard's nodes can also happen on the proximal interphalangeal joints. Although these nodes can considerably limit the movement of the fingers, they are not necessarily painful. When Osteoarthritis forms in the toes, the formation of bunions can take place, rendering them swollen and red.
OA is the most frequent reason for joint effusion, that is often referred to as "water on the knee," in lay terms to describe an accumulation of excess fluid in or around the knee joint.
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